“Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind.” Colossians 2:18
A Google search of “Is Jesus Christ Michael the Arch Angel?” will yield 2,510,000 results! Why do so many people want to know the answer to this question?
Michael the Archangel is only mentioned five times by name in the Bible. Not one of these mentions state that Jesus Christ is Michael the Archangel. Let’s take a look!
|Daniel 10:13||But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.|
|Daniel 10:21||But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.|
|Daniel 12:1||And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.|
|Jude 1:9||Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.|
|Revelation 12:7-9||And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.|
So, where does this teaching that Jesus Christ is Michael the Archangel come from? The answer is, of course, from the church’s false prophet, Ellen G. White.
I was stunned when I found out that virtually only Adventist and Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is Michael the ArchAngel. Both religions coincidentally spun out of the early Millerite movement! Let’s take a look at Ellen White’s writings!
“There is none that holdeth with me in these things but Michael (Christ) your prince.” [Desire of Ages, p.99]
“Michael, or Christ, with the angels that buried Moses, came down from heaven, after he (Moses) had remained in the grave a short time, and resurrected him, and took him to heaven.” [Spiritual Gifts, Volume 4a, p.58]
Nowhere in the Bible does it say that Michael the Archangel, but Ellen White says that the two are equal. This has caused so much confusion, and a twisting and distorting of the Bible.
Even Adventists are confused. Let’s take a look an original post on an Adventist site begins with the obvious question:
Why yes, Adventists do have it wrong! Portions of my original posts were listed as a response to the question! This posting will cover biblical support for Jesus Christ NOT being Michael the ArchAngel, and counterarguments to other responses in their post.
If we follow the Adventist logic that Jesus Christ is Michael the Archangel, and according to 1 Timothy 3:16 Jesus Christ is God manifested in the flesh–then it must logically follow that God Himself is an angel OR some type of angel, or created being, which we know is impossible!
The first chapter of Hebrews instructs us on the difference between the angels and the majesty of Jesus Christ:
“Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. For unto which of the angels said he at anytime, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father and he shall be to me a Son? And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.” Hebrews 1:4-5.
“To which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?” Hebrews 1:13. The answer of course is NONE!
Much of the Adventist reasoning is circular in nature. It begins with the premises that Michael is already proven to be Jesus Christ. From that beginning premise, many Adventists will connect Christ with Scriptural references to Michael the ArchAngel. That a big ‘NO NO ‘on the logic front!
Many Adventists use 1 Thessalonians 4:16 to justify that Jesus and Michael the Archangel are one in the same. The verse reads, “For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:”
There are Adventists that say that Jesus will descend from heaven with the voice of the archangel; so that must mean that Jesus is Michael the Archangel! NO IT DOES NOT!
This is a misinterpretation of the verse! Let me ask you this. The verse also says that Jesus will come with the trump of God. Does that mean that Jesus IS the trump of God! Certainly not! Does mean that because Jesus is coming with the voice of the archangel that He is the archangel?! Certainly not!
Now, let’s do a little cross-referencing!
Matthew 16:27 reads, “For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.”
Mark 8:38: “Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”
2 Thessalonians 1:7: “And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels.”
From cross-referencing and reexamining 1 Thessalonians 4:16, the verse simply means that when Jesus returns, He will bring his angels with him, and the Archangel will announce His return.
Adventists believe that John 5:25-29 is also evidence that Jesus Christ is Michael the ArchAngel. It reads:
“Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.”
Again, this notion that Jesus Christ is Michael the ArchAngel is unsupported by the Word! John 5:25 references the voice of the Son of God only! I’m not sure why would a person connect this with 1 Thessalonians 4:16 discussing the voice of the ArchAngel! The voice of the ArchAngel and the voice of the Son of God are two different things. Does Michael have the authority to execute judgment?! No!!
What is an ArchAngel? Who exactly is Michael the ArchAngel?!
Strong’s 743 tells us that an ArchAngel is the chief of the angels.
Michael in Hebrew means “He who is like God.” BUT, Michael is neither God nor Jesus Christ. Michael the ArchAngel protects Israel and his role is amplified in the end times!
Let’s take a look at Daniel 10:13. “But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.” Michael is “one of” the chief princes!!!
What Adventists fail to realize in Daniel 10:13 is that Michael is “one” of the chief princes. The original poster on the online site presented an article where the writers addressed this, but did so incorrectly:
It’s not an “unfortunate translation” at all. It’s the correct translation! I hope I’m not the only one that caught how the writers said “which also means first.” Echad does mean first, but it “also” as other meanings that were conveniently left out!
The Hebrew word echad, Strong’s number H259, has several meanings: ” 1) one (number); a) one (number); b) each, every; c) a certain; d) an (indefinite article); e) only, once, once for all; f) one…another, the one…the other, one after another, one by one; g) first; h) eleven (in combination), eleventh (ordinal).”
The writers of the article are using the definition that suits them! Strong’s makes it clear that only four verses in the book of Daniel where echad is translated to mean first. Daniel 10:13 is not one of them! Here are the Strong’s results that yield only four verses in Daniel 1:21; 9:1; 9:2; and 11:11 that translate echad to mean first!
Let’s take a journey back to the article excerpt above. “Chief,” Strong’s 7223 as used in Daniel 10:13, comes from the word ri’shown. It has been translated as meaning: “1) first, primary, former; a) former (of time); 1) ancestors; 2) former things; b) foremost (of location); c) first (in time); d) first, chief (in degree).” It is used in Daniel 10:13 as “chief.”
In Daniel 10:13, echad is translated as ”one (number).” Michael is but ONE of the CHIEF ArchAngels! What does that do to the Adventist argument that Jesus Christ is Michael the ArchAngel? Destroys it!
Michael is categorized in a group of his peers. Of this I am confident, Michael cannot be equal to Jesus! Especially if there are others who are equal to Michael. The other chief princes must be equal to Jesus as well. 1 Timothy 3:16 tells us that Jesus Christ is God manifested in the flesh! Michael means “he who is like God” not “he who IS God.” For those of you who are Bible scholars, students of the Apocrypha, and other Biblical materials, you already know the names of several other ArchAngels! But, this other information is certainly another post!
Many of the Adventists points play the “connect the title” game. Strong’s G743 tells us that an ArchAngel is the chief of the angels. Posters pointed out that the Joshua 5 account of that “the captain of the host of the LORD,” the pre-incarnate Jesus, spoke with Joshua. They mistakenly equate the word “chief” to mean “captain,” which led them to erroneously believe that Michael and Jesus are the same.
We know that there is more than one chief of the angels, or ArchAngel from studying Daniel 10:13. The “captain of the hosts of the LORD,” is above ALL angels!
So again, I ask, if Michael is only mentioned five times by name, where in the world and on whose authority does Ellen White, believe she can label Jesus Christ, Michael the ArchAngel?!
A final word to Adventist teaching AND not correcting this false doctrine: “Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.” Matthew 22:29. “Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.” Mark 7:7.